This is the first part of tutorial explaining how to make an interactive animated Excel model of a gated ring oscillator in MS Excel 2003. Like most of the models on this site this model will run fine in newer Excel versions too. A delay based model was used for the logic gates which was previously discussed. An Interactive Ring OscillatorContinue Reading

A Phase-Locked Loop is a type of electronic circuit. It generates an oscillation with the same frequency as a reference oscillation and a relatively constant phase difference  with respect to the same reference. The applications spectrum of such a circuit are extremely wide. Signal modulation, demodulation, detection and filtering, frequency conversion and synthesis are just a fraction of what this circuit can do.Continue Reading

Hi there, this is a tutorial explaining the construction of a very basic Lissajous emulator in Excel. It’s supposed to be very easy to understand at the high school level. Good luck, George [sociallocker][/sociallocker] A Lissajous emulator in Excel by George Lungu   Introduction: Jules A. Lissajous was a French mathematician from the 19th century – He wanted to visualizeContinue Reading

This is a static Lissajous emulator in the sense that the waveform is obtained by combining 2 static sinusoidal waves with different frequencies. As a parenthesis, I will be preparing a dynamic version which will look just like the wave shape seen on a real oscilloscope. The file presented here has two different worksheets, the first one contains a classic 2DContinue Reading